3 years ago

Measurement Variation and Repeatability of Echocardiographic Variables Used to Estimate Pulmonary Artery Pressure in Dogs

J.A. Abbott, J.M. Gentile-Solomon
Background Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is an important clinical entity in dogs. Pulmonary hypertension is generally identified based on echocardiographic findings, but measurement variation of the variables most often used in this context has not been reported. Objective To define measurement variation of echocardiographic variables that are used to estimate pulmonary artery pressure. Animals Four dogs with subclinical tricuspid valve regurgitation were selected from a hospital population. Methods Prospective descriptive study - dogs were subject to repeated echocardiographic examination by 2 operators. Each dog was echocardiographically examined 12 times, once by each operator during mornings and afternoons of 3 nonconsecutive days. Measurement variation was defined by coefficients of variation and by mean square errors (MSE) from ANOVA models. Repeatability coefficients (RC) were calculated from MSE. Results Of 50 within-day, between-day, and interoperator coefficients of variation (CVs), 37 were less than 10% and 46 were less than 15%. The range of peak velocity of tricuspid valve regurgitation (VTR) VTR was 1.87–3.34 m/s. Analysis of variance revealed a significant effect (P < 0.05) of operator for 7 of 10 measurements. Within-operator/between-day/within-subject and between-operator/between-day/within-subject RCs of VTR were, respectively, 0.3 and 0.6 m/s. Conclusions and Clinical Importance With regard to repeatability, VTR is superior to other methods used for echocardiographic estimation of systolic pulmonary artery pressure. When TR is absent, the acceleration time of pulmonary ejection and the acceleration-to-ejection time ratio are alternative measures. A change in VTR exceeding 0.3 m/s might be outside the range of expected within-operator variation.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/jvim.14846

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.