3 years ago

Physiochemical characteristics and oxidative potential of ambient air particulate matter (PM 10 ) during dust and non-dust storm events: a case study in Tehran, Iran

Maryam Ghanbarian, Maryam Faraji, Mohammad Ghanbari Ghozikali, Ramin Nabizadeh, Akbar Gholampour, Zahra Atafar, Kazem Naddafi, Masoud ghanbarian, Shahrokh Nazmara, Babak Mahmoudi, Mohammad Sadegh Hassanvand, Masud Yunesian, Soheila Rezaei

Abstract

In the present study, we investigated the characteristics of metal(loid)s, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and oxidative potential (OP) in PM10 during dust and non-dust days in a rural and an urban area in Tehran. Water-soluble ions, metal(loid)s, PAHs, and OP were measured using ion chromatography (IC), inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometer (ICP-OES) and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC-MS), and dithiothreitol (DTT) assay respectively. The results showed that the average concentrations of ambient PM10 were 284 ± 90.4 and 123 ± 31.4 μg m−3 on dusty and regular days in urban areas respectively, and were 258 ± 48.3 and 124 ± 41.4 μg m−3 on dusty and regular days in rural areas, respectively; these values were 95% above the World Health Organization (WHO) guideline level. The crustal elements Na+, Mg2+, Ca2+, Al, Si, Fe and Ti were the dominant for PM10 on dusty days, and NO3 and SO42− were dominant for PM10 on regular days. The average ± SD concentrations of total PAHs were 34.3 ± 22.5 and 55.1 ± 28.3 ng m−3 on dusty and regular days, respectively, with the maximum value occurring on inversion days. The average OP was 8.90 ± 7.15 and 1.41 ± 0.35 and was 11.4 ± 3.97 and 19.9 ± 8.67 (nmol min−1 μg PM10−1) for water and methanol extracts on dusty and regular days, respectively, with the lowest value occurring on dusty days. The OP was highly associated with Cu and Mn. Briefly; the results of this study demonstrate that OP is mass independent and consequence a promising proxy for PM mass.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40201-018-0303-9

DOI: 10.1007/s40201-018-0303-9

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