5 years ago

The Need for, and the Role of the Toxicological Chemist in the Design of Safer Chemicals.

During the past several decades there has been an ever increasing emphasis for designers of new commercial (non-pharmaceutical) chemicals to include considerations of the potential impacts a planned chemical may have on human health and the environment as part of the design of the chemical, and to design chemicals such that they possess the desired use efficacy while minimizing threats to human health and the environment. Achievement of this goal would be facilitated by the availability of individuals specifically and formally trained to design such chemicals. Medicinal chemists are specifically trained to design and develop safe and clinically efficacious pharmaceutical substances. No such formally trained science hybrid exists for the design of safer commercial (non-pharmaceutical) chemicals. This article describes the need for and role of the" toxicological chemist", an individual who is formally trained in synthetic organic chemistry, biochemistry, physiology, toxicology, environmental science, and in the relationships between structure and commercial use efficacy, structure and toxicity, structure and environmental fate and effects, and global hazard, and trained to integrate this knowledge to design safer commercially efficacious chemicals. Using examples, this article illustrates the role of the toxicological chemist in designing commercially efficacious, safer chemical candidates.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfx197

DOI: 10.1093/toxsci/kfx197

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