3 years ago

Shelf‐life, physicochemical, and nutritional properties of wheat bread with optimized amount of dried chickpea sourdough and yeast by response surface methodology

Yunus Coşkun, Muge Hendek Ertop

Abstract

The aim of this study was to optimize of the instant active dry yeast (A) and the dried chickpea sourdough (B) amount in bread formulation and to evaluate of usage possibilities of dried chickpea sourdough in bread production by examining some quality parameters.Response surface methodology was used to determine the effects of the variable factors (Aand B) on the product volume (V), acceptability value (AV) and pore factor (PF) of the bread. The usage rates were determined 0.63% for A and 10.21% for B.The bread produced according to optimized model (OB) was compared with control bread in terms of some quality parameters. The pore structures of bread samples and microtextural features obtained scanning electron microscopy during shelf life were examined by Image Analysis. Smaller and more homogeneous pore structures were obtained in the bread texture; antioxidant activity, mineral content, microbial shelf life were improved, and the volume and crust thickness of the bread increased by the usage of chickpea sourdough.

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