Influence of SiC/Silica and Carbon/Silica Interfaces on the High‐Temperature Creep of Silicon Oxycarbide‐Based Glass Ceramics: A Case Study
In the present study, the high‐temperature creep behavior of three SiOC glass ceramics with different phase compositions are compared by the authors. All three SiOC glass ceramics have a vitreous silica matrix in common, but comprise different homogeneously dispersed phases: 1) only spherical β‐SiC nanoparticles (sample denoted hereafter SiC/SiO2), 2) only high‐aspect ratio sp2‐hybridized carbon (i.e., C/SiO2), and 3) both phases (SiC and segregated carbon, i.e., C/SiC/SiO2). Compression creep experiments are performed at temperatures in the range between 1100 and 1300 °C and true stresses of 50 to 200 MPa. The determined activation energy for creep of the SiOC glass ceramics of around 700 kJ mol−1 is independent of the phase composition. A stress exponent value of approximately 2 indicates an interface‐controlled deformation mechanism. All SiOC glass ceramics exhibit significantly higher creep viscosities than that of vitreous silica. Surprisingly, the spherical β‐SiC nanoparticles have a higher impact on the effective creep viscosities of SiOC as compared to that of the high‐aspect ratio segregated carbon phase. It is concluded that this originates from the β‐SiC/silica and C/silica interfaces, which have different effects on the creep behavior of silicon oxycarbide‐based glass ceramics.
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