Evaluation of metagenetic community analysis of planktonic copepods using Illumina MiSeq: Comparisons with morphological classification and metagenetic analysis using Roche 454
by Junya Hirai, Satoshi Nagai, Kiyotaka HidakaMetagenetics is a rapid and taxonomically comprehensive method for revealing community structures within environmental samples, based on large amounts of sequence data produced by high-throughput sequencers. Because community structures of planktonic copepods are important in the ocean owing to their high diversity and abundance, a metagenetic analysis of the 28S D2 region using Roche 454 was previously developed. However, the Illumina MiSeq platform with a high sequence output is being used more frequently in metagenetics, and non-calanoid copepods have not previously been fully evaluated. Here, we evaluated an Illumina MiSeq-based metagenetic analysis using a mock community and field-collected samples that were examined in a previous study using Roche 454, and the community structure, including non-calanoid copepods, was compared among morphological and metagenetic analyses. We removed a singleton read and applied an appropriate abundance threshold to remove erroneous Molecular Operational Taxonomic Units (MOTUs) with low-abundance sequences in the MiSeq-based analysis. Results showed that the copepod community was successfully characterized using Illumina MiSeq. Higher-quality sequences were obtained using MiSeq than by Roche 454, which reduced the overestimation of diversity, especially at a strict 99% similarity threshold for MOTU clustering. Taxonomic compositions in terms of both biomass and presence/absence of species, including non-calanoids, were more appropriately represented in the MiSeq- than in Roche 454-based analysis. Our data showed that metagenetic analysis using Illumina MiSeq is more useful for revealing copepod communities than Roche 454, owing to the lower cost and higher quality.
Publisher URL: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article
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