5 years ago

Oxygen transfer dynamics and nitrification in a novel rotational sponge reactor

Oxygen transfer dynamics and nitrification in a novel rotational sponge reactor
The nitrification process demands higher oxygen supply, which is fulfilled through external aeration in wastewater treatment. To perform nitrification without external aeration, this study developed a novel rotating sponge (RS) reactor and estimated its oxygen transfer capability. The reactor obtained an oxygen transfer coefficient (KLa) value of over 100d−1 at 40 rounds per hour (rph), which is one-eighth of the rotational speed of conventional rotational biological contactors. Within 53days of operation, reactor achieved 97% nitrification efficiency with an effluent NH4 +-N concentration of 1mgL−1. On the other hand, the volumetric oxygen transfer rate in the reactor was 245mg-O2L−1d−1 at 10rph during the experimental period. However, the average volumetric oxygen consumption rate during nitrification was 187mg-O2L−1d−1, which was below the oxygen transfer rate. Microbial community analysis revealed high relative abundance of bacteria such as Nitrosomonas, Nitrospira, and Nitrobacter in the RS reactor, which contributed to nitrification.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1369703X17302528

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