4 years ago

A Novel General and Efficient Technique for Dissociating Antibody in Circulating Immune Complexes

Dawei Cui, Zhengjun Hu, Xujian Xu, Aifang Xu, Jun Cheng, Changgui Sun, Tieli Zhou, Jiahui He, Yuzhu Dai, Xianming Zeng, Jiezuan Yang, Guozheng Wang, Bin Lou, Jian Xu, Yu Chen, Yueli Rao
Objective Circulating immune complexes (CICs) are produced during the immune response. It is more clinically important to establish a general and efficient CICs dissociation technique for the detection of antigens for CICs other than the detection of free antigens in the serum. Methods Polyethylene glycol (PEG) two-precipitation separation and glycine-HCl as a buffer system were employed to develop a general and efficient buffer dissociation technique to separate CICs from serum and dissociate antigens from CICs. Results The measurement value of new PEG two-precipitation separation technique was higher than traditional PEG precipitation separation technique. There were slight differences in the dissociation conditions of HCV Core-IC, HIV P24-IC, Ins-IC and TG-IC as compared to HBsAg-IC. The detection of antigens in HBsAg-IC, HCV Core-IC, HIV P24-IC, Ins-IC and TG-IC with this technique was superior to that with HCl Dissociation, Trypsin Digestion or Immune Complex Transfer technique. Conclusion PEG two-precipitation dissociation technique may reduce macromolecular protein and the adhesion of free antigens during the co-precipitation, which increases the efficiency of separation and precipitation of CICs. This technique also avoids the damage of reagents to antigens, assuring the repeatability, reliability and validity. Thus, this technique is application in samples negative or positive for free antigens. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/elps.201700246

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