3 years ago

Efficacy of Guided Spiral Drawing in the Classification of Parkinson's Disease

, Poonam Zham, Dinesh K Kumar, Sridhar P. Arjunan, Sanjay Raghav
Background: Change of handwriting can be an early marker for severity of Parkinson's disease but suffers from poor sensitivity and specificity due to inter-subject variations. Aim: This study has investigated the group-difference in the dynamic features during sketching of spiral between PD and control subjects with the aim of developing an accurate method for diagnosing PD patients. Method: Dynamic handwriting features were computed for 206 specimens collected from 62 Subjects (31 Parkinson's and 31 Controls). These were analyzed based on the severity of the disease to determine group-difference. Spearman rank correlation coefficient was computed to evaluate the strength of association for the different features. Results: Maximum area under ROC curve (AUC) using the dynamic features during different writing and spiral sketching tasks were in the range of 0.67 to 0.79. However, when angular features ($boldsymbol{varphi }$ and ${boldsymbol{p}_{boldsymbol{n}}}$) and count of direction inversion during sketching of the spiral were used, AUC improved to 0.933. Spearman correlation coefficient was highest for ϕ and ${boldsymbol{p}_{boldsymbol{n}}}$. Conclusion: The angular features and count of direction inversion which can be obtained in real-time while sketching the Archimedean guided spiral on a digital tablet can be used for differentiating between Parkinson's and healthy cohort.
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