4 years ago

Symmetry-Breaking for Formation of Rectangular CdSe Two-Dimensional Nanocrystals in Zinc-Blende Structure

Symmetry-Breaking for Formation of Rectangular CdSe Two-Dimensional Nanocrystals in Zinc-Blende Structure
Zheng Li, Dongdong Chen, Xiaogang Peng, Yiya Chen
Formation of CdSe nanocrystals with two-dimensional quantum confinement (CdSe 2D nanocrystals) was studied with preformed CdSe nanocrystals in the size range between 1.7 and 2.2 nm as seeds. Specifically, the 2D CdSe nanocrystals were encased with six {100} facets of the zinc-blende (face-center-cubic) structure, that is, 1.5 nm in thickness with quite large atomically flat {100} basal planes (∼8 nm width and X ≈ 45 nm length). Symmetry breaking between the thickness and lateral directions occurred in the early stage by rapid formation of single-dot intermediates with flat yet polar {100} basal planes and the desired thickness from the seeds through intraparticle ripening. Two single-dot intermediates fused together through their reactive side facets—mostly the nonpolar {110} ones—to form 2D embryos with the same thickness. Such oriented attachment continued selectively onto the reactive side facets of the 2D embryos. Simultaneously, intraparticle ripening occurred slowly on the side facets of the 2D nanocrystals, which converted unstable side facets gradually to four stable {100} ones. When ∼3 stable {100} side facets were developed, oriented attachment would continue on the remaining active one, which would result in the second symmetry breaking between two lateral directions. Cadmium acetate assisted both formation of single-dot intermediates and oriented attachment. Cadmium alkanoates with a long hydrocarbon chain selectively stabilized polar {100} facets on the nanocrystals including single-dot intermediates and shuttled insoluble acetate to the reactive surface of the nanocrystals.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b04855

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b04855

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.