3 years ago

Cross-Linking Furan-Modified Kisspeptin-10 to the KISS Receptor

Cross-Linking Furan-Modified Kisspeptin-10 to the KISS Receptor
Willem Vannecke, Massimiliano Beltramo, Annemieke Madder, Marleen Van Troys, Christophe Ampe
Chemical cross-linking is well-established for investigating protein–protein interactions. Traditionally, photo cross-linking is used but is associated with problems of selectivity and UV toxicity in a biological context. We here describe, with live cells and under normal growth conditions, selective cross-linking of a furan-modified peptide ligand to its membrane-presented receptor with zero toxicity, high efficiency, and spatio-specificity. Furan-modified kisspeptin-10 is covalently coupled to its glycosylated membrane receptor, GPR54(KISS1R). This newly expands the applicability of furan-mediated cross-linking not only to protein–protein cross-linking but also to cross-linking in situ. Moreover, in our earlier reports on nucleic acid interstrand cross-linking, furan activation required external triggers of oxidation (via addition of N-bromo succinimide or singlet oxygen). In contrast, we here show, for multiple cell lines, the spontaneous endogenous oxidation of the furan moiety with concurrent selective cross-link formation. We propose that reactive oxygen species produced by NADPH oxidase (NOX) enzymes form the cellular source establishing furan oxidation.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acschembio.7b00396

DOI: 10.1021/acschembio.7b00396

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