3 years ago

A printed SWCNT electrode modified with polycatechol and lysozyme for capacitive detection of α-lactalbumin

Noureddine Raouafi, Amal Rabti, Amal Raouafi

Abstract

The authors describe an electrochemical sensor for the breast cancer marker α-lactalbumin (αLA). It is based on the use of printed single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) electrodes that were modified with polycatechol. Impedance-derived electrochemical capacitance spectroscopy (ECS) is applied for detection at an applied potential of −0.14 V vs. Ag/AgCl reference electrode. The electrode was prepared in a two-step process. First, a dispersion of SWCNTs was drop-cast onto the surface of a poly(ethylene terephthalate) substrate to act as the working electrode. Next, catechol was electrochemically polymerized on the SWCNTs, prior to the immobilization of lysozyme. The strong interaction between lysozyme and αLA induced changes in the redox capacitance which are detected by ECS. The latter shows the device to be capable of detecting αLA in the 20 to 80 ng·mL−1 concentration range. The limit of detection is 9.7 ng·mL−1 at an S/N ratio of 3. The device was used to detect αLA in human blood serum with good recovery results.

Graphical abstract

A sensitive biosensor for αLA was prepared by modifying SWCNT electrode with polycatechol and lysozyme. The electrochemical capacitance spectroscopy was used for the first time to selectively detect αLA in the blood in the range from 20 to 80 ng·mL−1.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00604-017-2481-z

DOI: 10.1007/s00604-017-2481-z

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.