4 years ago

A metabolomics-based approach for non-invasive diagnosis of chromosomal anomalies

Costantino Di Carlo, Jacopo Troisi, Giovanni Scala, Pietro D’Alessandro, Maurizio Rinaldi, Pasquale Martinelli, Annamaria Landolfi, Laura Sarno, Maurizio Guida, Carla Ciccone



Chromosomal anomalies (CA) are the most frequent fetal anomalies.


To evaluate the diagnostic performance of a machine learning ensemble model based on the maternal serum metabolomic fingerprint of fetal aneuploidies during the second trimester .


This is a case-control pilot study. Metabolomic profiles have been obtained on serum of 328 mothers (220 controls and 108 cases), using gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry. Eight machines learning and classification models were built and optimized. An ensemble model was built using a voting scheme. All samples were randomly divided into two sets. One was used as training set, the other one for diagnostic performance assessment.


Ensemble machine learning model correctly classified all cases and controls. The accuracy was the same for trisomy 21 and 18; also, the other CA were correctly detected. Elaidic, stearic, linolenic, myristic, benzoic, citric and glyceric acid, mannose, 2-hydroxy butyrate, phenylalanine, proline, alanine and 3-methyl histidine were selected as the most relevant metabolites in class separation.


The proposed model, based on the maternal serum metabolomic fingerprint of fetal aneuploidies during the second trimester, correctly identifies all the cases of chromosomal abnormalities. Overall, this preliminary analysis appeared suggestive of a metabolic environment conductive to increased oxidative stress and a disturbance in the fetal central nervous system development. Maternal serum metabolomics can be a promising tool in the screening of chromosomal defects. Moreover, metabolomics allows to extend our knowledge about biochemical alterations caused by aneuploidies and responsible for the observed phenotypes.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11306-017-1274-z

DOI: 10.1007/s11306-017-1274-z

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.