3 years ago

rSjP40 suppresses hepatic stellate cell activation by promoting microRNA‐155 expression and inhibiting STAT5 and FOXO3a expression

Lian Duan, Jinhua Zhu, Xiaolei Sun, Dandan Zhu, Li Zhang, Liuting Chen, Yinong Duan, Chunzhao Yang, Pei Shen, Jinling Chen


Activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) is the central event of the evolution of hepatic fibrosis. Schistosomiasis is one of the pathogenic factors which could induce hepatic fibrosis. Previous studies have shown that recombinant Schistosoma japonicum egg antigen P40 (rSjP40) can inhibit the activation and proliferation of HSCs. MicroRNA‐155 is one of the multifunctional noncoding RNA, which is involved in a series of important biological processes including cell development, proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. Here, we try to observe the role of microRNA‐155 in rSjP40‐inhibited HSC activation and explore its potential mechanisms. We found that microRNA‐155 was raised in rSjP40‐treated HSCs, and further studies have shown that rSjP40 enhanced microRNA‐155 expression by inhibiting STAT5 transcription. Up‐regulated microRNA‐155 can down‐regulate the expression of FOXO3a and then participate in rSjP40‐inhibited expression of α‐smooth muscle actin (α‐SMA) and collagen I. Furthermore, we observed microRNA‐155 inhibitor could partially restore the down‐regulation of FOXO3a, α‐SMA and collagen I expression in LX‐2 cells induced by rSjP40. Therefore, our research provides further insight into the mechanism by which rSjP40 could inhibit HSC activation via miR‐155.

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