3 years ago

Selective Determination of Copper (II) Based on Aluminum Silicon Carbide Nanoparticles Modified Glassy Carbon Electrode by Square Wave Stripping Voltammetry

Selective Determination of Copper (II) Based on Aluminum Silicon Carbide Nanoparticles Modified Glassy Carbon Electrode by Square Wave Stripping Voltammetry
F. Bai, J. H. Chen, T. Yang, Y. L. Wu, L. Su, X. M. Hou
The morphology and structure of as-prepared aluminum silicon carbide (Al4SiC4) were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns, scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and UV-vis spectra. The Al4SiC4 nanoparticles modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE) was further investigated by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Based on this, this kind of new electrode was used for the detection of trace Cu2+ by square wave anodic stripping voltammetry (SWASV) for the first time. The electrochemical parameters influencing on deposition and stripping of metal ions, such as supporting electrolytes, pH value, deposition potential and deposition time, were also optimized. The results showed that the Al4SiC4 modified GCE exhibited excellent stripping response of Cu2+ and the stripping peaks response increased linearly with increasing concentration of Cu2+ in the ranges of 400 to 2200 nM. Under the optimized conditions the favorable sensitivity of the Al4SiC4 modified GCE toward trace Cu2+ was 1.49 μA μM−1 and the limit of detection (S/N=3) was estimated to be 2.76 nM. More importantly, Al4SiC4 modified GCE had an excellent stability and negligible interference from other coexisting metal ions in the electrochemical determination of Cu2+.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/elan.201700122

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