5 years ago

Controllable Bulk Heterojunction Morphology by Self-Assembly of Oppositely Charged Nanoparticles

Controllable Bulk Heterojunction Morphology by Self-Assembly of Oppositely Charged Nanoparticles
Kulveer Singh, Prateek K. Jha, Soumitra Satapathi
Using kinetic Monte Carlo simulations of a simple coarse-grained model, we demonstrate that the self-assembly of oppositely charged nanoparticles is a promising approach to design efficient bulk heterojunction (BHJ) solar cells. Simulations are performed starting from a random configuration of oppositely charged nanoparticles in solution for a range of concentrations. Interconnected percolated morphologies form at high nanoparticle concentrations, when the aggregate growth ceases after certain time. If only Coulombic interactions are present, the observed morphologies have very high interfacial area but too small domain size, whereas optimum values of both the interfacial area and domain size are desired for BHJ. We therefore propose and establish that an additional hydrophobic attraction between nanoparticles of same type is desired to obtain the ideal BHJ morphology. We also discuss the effects of solvent dielectric constant and the size- and charge-asymmetry of nanoparticles, which may provide additional means to control the BHJ morphology.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b06168

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b06168

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