4 years ago

Electroreduction of Oxygen on PdPt Alloy Nanocubes in Alkaline and Acidic Media

Electroreduction of Oxygen on PdPt Alloy Nanocubes in Alkaline and Acidic Media
Kaido Tammeveski, Nadezda Kongi, Jose Solla-Gullón, Juan M. Feliu, Kristel Jukk
The electrochemical kinetic behavior of the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) on PdPt alloy nanocubes of various compositions is investigated in 0.1 M KOH and 0.1 M HClO4 solutions, adopting the rotating disk electrode (RDE) configuration. The PdPt nanocubes are prepared in the presence of polyvinylpyrrolidone and identified by using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). TEM images reveal that the PdPt alloy nanoparticles have a preferential cubic shape and the average particle size is approximately 8–10 nm. CO-stripping and cyclic voltammetry (CV) experiments are used for electrochemical cleaning and characterization of metal nanoparticles. The CV responses indicate alloy formation. In acidic media, Pd36Pt64 shows the highest specific activity (SA) for the ORR from the alloyed catalysts studied, but this activity is similar to that found with Pt and Pd nanocubes. However, in alkaline solution, the SA value for Pd72Pt28 is about two times higher than that of Pd and Pt nanocubes. The mechanistic pathway of O2 reduction on PdPt alloy nanocubes is analogous to that of pure Pd and Pt catalysts and the ORR proceeds via a 4-electron pathway in both electrolyte solutions. In the media: PdPt alloy nanocubes of various composition are synthesized and used as electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in 0.1 M KOH and 0.1 M HClO4 solutions. The PdPt nanocubes are 8–10 nm in size. Different ORR activity trends for cubic PdPt alloy nanoparticles are reported for acidic and alkaline media.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/celc.201700588

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