3 years ago

Fabrication of urchin-like NiCo 2 O 4 microspheres assembled by using SDS as soft template for anode materials of Lithium-ion batteries

Xianwen Wu, Yehua Li

Abstract

In this paper, the urchin-like NiCo2O4 microspheres assembled by using sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) as soft template are successfully fabricated by a facile procedure including microemulsion-solvothermal reaction and subsequent calcination at 400 °C for 4 h. The structure and morphology of synthesized NiCo2O4 particles are investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). It has been clearly revealed that the prepared three-dimensional urchin-like NiCo2O4 microspheres are constituted by one-dimension nanowires. As it is applied to anode for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs), the initial coulombic efficiency is up to 75.7%, and the specific reversible capacity retains up to 1034.2 mAh/g even after 40 cycles at a current density of 100 mA/g. Furthermore, as the current density gradually increases to 800 mA/g, it still delivers the reversible capacity of 895.4 mAh/g. The high reversible specific capacity, perfect cyclability, and rate performance are attributed to the unique urchin-like NiCo2O4 microspheres, which can alleviate the volume expansion and shorten the diffusion path of ions and electrons during lithiation/delithiation process. The self-standing urchin-like NiCo2O4 microspheres may be a very promising candidate in place of the commercial graphite-based anode materials for high-performance LIBs.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11581-017-2291-7

DOI: 10.1007/s11581-017-2291-7

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