Activation and synchronization of the oscillatory morphodynamics in multicellular monolayer [Biophysics and Computational Biology]
Oscillatory morphodynamics provides necessary mechanical cues for many multicellular processes. Owing to their collective nature, these processes require robustly coordinated dynamics of individual cells, which are often separated too distantly to communicate with each other through biomaterial transportation. Although it is known that the mechanical balance generally plays a significant role in the systems’ morphologies, it remains elusive whether and how the mechanical components may contribute to the systems’ collective morphodynamics. Here, we study the collective oscillations in the Drosophila amnioserosa tissue to elucidate the regulatory roles of the mechanical components. We identify that the tensile stress is the key activator that switches the collective oscillations on and off. This regulatory role is shown analytically using the Hopf bifurcation theory. We find that the physical properties of the tissue boundary are directly responsible for synchronizing the oscillatory intensity and polarity of all inner cells and for orchestrating the spatial oscillation patterns inthe tissue.
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