3 years ago

Dietary Ingestion of Calories and Micronutrients Modulates the DNA Methylation Profile of Leukocytes from Older Individuals

R. D. Neves-Souza, J. Passador, L. V. Toffoli, Gislaine Garcia Pelosi, K. B. Fernandes, M. V. Gomes

Abstract

Objective

Several lines of evidence from the last decade support the connection between nutrition and epigenetic mechanisms. In the present study we evaluated the impact of the daily dietary intake of calories and the micronutrients vitamin A, D, B1, B2, B5, C, E, copper, calcium, phosphorus, iron, iodine, selenium, manganese, potassium and sodium on the global DNA methylation profile of blood cells from older individuals.

Research Methods & Procedures

The study enrolled 126 physically independent elderly of both sexes (60 men and 66 women). For the molecular analysis, DNA samples were extracted from leukocytes and global DNA methylation was evaluated using a high throughput Elisa-based method. Correlations between global DNA methylation and the daily intake of calorie or micronutrients were evaluated using Prism5 GraphPad Software.

Results

A statistically significant correlation was observed between global DNA methylation and the daily caloric value (p=0.019, r=-0.21), and the intake of vitamin A (p=0.03, r=-0.18), Vitamin E (p=0.027, r=-0.20) and copper (p=0.04, r=-0.18). No correlation was observed between global DNA methylation and the daily intake of vitamin D, B1, B2, B5, C, calcium, phosphorus, iron, iodine, selenium, manganese and potassium (p>0.05).

Conclusion

Our data demonstrate that the daily intake of calories or the micronutrients vitamin A, vitamin E and copper can potentially modulate the global DNA methylation profile of leukocytes in older adults and corroborate the notion of nutritional influences on epigenetic mechanisms.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12603-018-1085-6

DOI: 10.1007/s12603-018-1085-6

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.