Comparison of early complications between the use of a cannulated screw locking plate and multiple cancellous screws in the treatment of displaced intracapsular hip fractures in young adults: a randomized controlled clinical trial
The incidence of early postoperative complications of displaced intracapsular hip fractures is high. The purpose of this study was to compare the early postoperative complications and assess the incidence of femoral neck shortening on using a newly designed proximal femoral cannulated screw locking plate (CSLP) versus multiple cancellous screws (MCS) in the treatment of displaced intracapsular hip fractures in young adults.
Sixty-eight young adult patients with displaced intracapsular hip fractures were randomly assigned to either the CSLP group or the MCS group and treated routinely by internal fixation with either the CSLP or the MCS. Harris Hip Score, nonunion, failure of fixation, overall complications, and femoral neck shortening were recorded and compared.
Two patients (5.88%) in the CSLP group and eight (23.53%) in the MCS group had postoperative nonunion (P < 0.05). There was one case (2.94%) of fixation failure in the CSLP group and three cases (8.82%) in the MCS group (P > 0.05). Three patients (8.82%) in the CSLP group and 11 (32.35%) in the MCS group had overall complications (P < 0.05). Mean femoral neck shortening was 5.10 mm in the vertical plane and 5.11 mm in the horizontal plane in the CSLP group and 11.14 mm in the vertical plane and 10.51 mm in the horizontal plane in the MCS group. Severe femoral neck shortening (≥ 10 mm) did not occur in either the vertical or the horizontal plane in any patient of the CSLP group but occurred in 10 patients (28.57%) in the vertical plane and in 8 (22.86%) patients in the horizontal plane in the MCS group.
Compared with MCS, the use of CSLP in the treatment of displaced intracapsular hip fractures in young adults can reduce the rates of postoperative nonunion and overall complications and minimize femoral neck shortening.
ChiCTR1800016032. Registered 8 May 2018. Retrospectively registered.
Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s13018-018-0901-3
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