4 years ago

Influence of Copper-based Anode Composition on Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Performance

M. Lo Faro, A. Iannaci, V. M. Sglavo, V. De Marco
Planar solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs), which are intended to be used in the intermediate temperature range (600–800 °C) and whose supporting anode contains various amount of Cu in Li-doped gadolinia-doped ceria matrix, are produced and characterized in the present work. Intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cell (IT-SOFC) performances are investigated by recording polarization and power density at different temperatures. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements are carried out to analyze how internal resistances change as function of temperature and, above all, for variable Cu content. The gadolinia-doped ceria electrolyte microstructure and the cell integrity after sintering are also shown to depend on the initial CuO content in the anode. The electronic conductivity increases with Cu content within the anodic cermet. When the anode contains more than 25 vol.% CuO, a dense Li-doped gadolinia-doped ceria electrolyte can be obtained by sintering at 900 °C. Conversely, CuO load in excess to 50% in the anode is detrimental because of the formation of macroscopic cracks within the electrolyte. Intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells produced with an anodic layer containing 50 vol.% CuO show the lowest impedance parameters.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/fuce.201700020

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