3 years ago

Endoribonuclease ENDU-2 regulates multiple traits including cold tolerance via cell autonomous and nonautonomous controls in Caenorhabditis elegans [Genetics]

Endoribonuclease ENDU-2 regulates multiple traits including cold tolerance via cell autonomous and nonautonomous controls in Caenorhabditis elegans [Genetics]
Tatsuya Ii, Miki Ii, Atsushi Kuhara, Akane Ohta, Tomoyo Ujisawa, Atsushi Toyoda, Yohei Minakuchi

Environmental temperature acclimation is essential to animal survival, yet thermoregulation mechanisms remain poorly understood. We demonstrate cold tolerance in Caenorhabditis elegans as regulated by paired ADL chemosensory neurons via Ca2+-dependent endoribonuclease (EndoU) ENDU-2. Loss of ENDU-2 function results in life span, brood size, and synaptic remodeling abnormalities in addition to enhanced cold tolerance. Enzymatic ENDU-2 defects localized in the ADL and certain muscle cells led to increased cold tolerance in endu-2 mutants. Ca2+ imaging revealed ADL neurons were responsive to temperature stimuli through transient receptor potential (TRP) channels, concluding that ADL function requires ENDU-2 action in both cell-autonomous and cell-nonautonomous mechanisms. ENDU-2 is involved in caspase expression, which is central to cold tolerance and synaptic remodeling in dorsal nerve cord. We therefore conclude that ENDU-2 regulates cell type-dependent, cell-autonomous, and cell-nonautonomous cold tolerance.

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