4 years ago

Sigma-1 receptors control immune-driven peripheral opioid analgesia during inflammation in mice [Pharmacology]

Sigma-1 receptors control immune-driven peripheral opioid analgesia during inflammation in mice [Pharmacology]
M. Carmen Ruiz–Cantero, Cristina Sanchez–Fernandez, Angeles Montilla–Garcia, Enrique J. Cobos, Josef M. Penninger, Rafael Gonzalez–Cano, Jose M. Vela, Miguel A. Teȷada, Domagoȷ Cikes, Shane J. Cronin, Jose M. Baeyens

Sigma-1 antagonism potentiates the antinociceptive effects of opioid drugs, so sigma-1 receptors constitute a biological brake to opioid drug-induced analgesia. The pathophysiological role of this process is unknown. We aimed to investigate whether sigma-1 antagonism reduces inflammatory pain through the disinhibition of the endogenous opioidergic system in mice. The selective sigma-1 antagonists BD-1063 and S1RA abolished mechanical and thermal hyperalgesia in mice with carrageenan-induced acute (3 h) inflammation. Sigma-1–mediated antihyperalgesia was reversed by the opioid antagonists naloxone and naloxone methiodide (a peripherally restricted naloxone analog) and by local administration at the inflamed site of monoclonal antibody 3-E7, which recognizes the pan-opioid sequence Tyr–Gly–Gly–Phe at the N terminus of most endogenous opioid peptides (EOPs). Neutrophils expressed pro-opiomelanocortin, the precursor of β-endorphin (a known EOP), and constituted the majority of the acute immune infiltrate. β-endorphin levels increased in the inflamed paw, and this increase and the antihyperalgesic effects of sigma-1 antagonism were abolished by reducing the neutrophil load with in vivo administration of an anti-Ly6G antibody. The opioid-dependent sigma-1 antihyperalgesic effects were preserved 5 d after carrageenan administration, where macrophages/monocytes were found to express pro-opiomelanocortin and to now constitute the majority of the immune infiltrate. These results suggest that immune cells harboring EOPs are needed for the antihyperalgesic effects of sigma-1 antagonism during inflammation. In conclusion, sigma-1 receptors curtail immune-driven peripheral opioid analgesia, and sigma-1 antagonism produces local opioid analgesia by enhancing the action of EOPs of immune origin, maximizing the analgesic potential of immune cells that naturally accumulate in painful inflamed areas.

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.