3 years ago

Ionization chamber dosimetry based on 60Co absorbed dose to water calibration for diagnostic kilovoltage x-ray beams.

Takeshi Ohno, Fujio Araki, Suzuna Umeno
The purpose of this study was to develop a new ionization chamber dosimetry formalism for diagnostic kilovoltage x-ray beams based on a 60Co absorbed dose-to-water calibration coefficient . To validate the new chamber dosimetry, 39 fluence spectra of kilovoltage x-rays were calculated, using a SpekCalc program, for Al half-value-layer (Al-HVL) values of 1.4 8.5 mm and tube voltages of 50 137.6 kVp. We used these spectra to calculate the beam quality conversion factor for kilovoltage x-ray beams Qx to a 60Co beam for a PTW 30013 Farmer ionization chamber in a reference geometrical setup (depth = 1 cm in water, field size = 20 × 20 cm2). The absorbed dose to water for kilovoltage x-rays was obtained using and . Meanwhile, the water surface dose based on the air kerma calibration coefficient NK was obtained using a Monte Carlo-calculated correction factor CF (corresponding to in AAPM TG-61) for the 39 x-ray fluence spectra. The absorbed dose based on was validated by comparing the water surface dose for the 39 x-ray fluence spectra with the water surface dose based on NK. The water surface dose based on was obtained using Monte Carlo-calculated percentage depth doses. For Al-HVL ranging from 1.4 to 8.5 mm, ranged from 0.884 to 0.956 and CF ranged from 1.264 to 1.663. The water surface dose based on for the x-ray fluence spectra was 1.0% higher on average than that based on NK, except for Al-HVLs of 1.4 and 1.5 mm and 1% was within their uncertainty ranges. Therefore, it is possible to use the absorbed dose-to-water value based on instead of on NK. With the new chamber dosimetry, the chamber reading can be easily converted to the absorbed dose using and the calculated . .

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6560/aad9c0

DOI: 10.1088/1361-6560/aad9c0

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