A Transfer Learning based Feature-Weak-Relevant Method for Image Clustering.
Image clustering is to group a set of images into disjoint clusters in a way that images in the same cluster are more similar to each other than to those in other clusters, which is an unsupervised or semi-supervised learning process. It is a crucial and challenging task in machine learning and computer vision. The performances of existing image clustering methods have close relations with features used for clustering, even if unsupervised coding based methods have improved the performances a lot. To reduce the effect of clustering features, we propose a feature-weak-relevant method for image clustering. The proposed method converts an unsupervised clustering process into an alternative iterative process of unsupervised learning and transfer learning. The clustering process firstly starts up from handcrafted features based image clustering to estimate an initial label for every image, and secondly use a proposed sampling strategy to choose images with reliable labels to feed a transfer-learning model to learn representative features that can be used for next round of unsupervised learning. In this manner, image clustering is iteratively optimized. What's more, the handcrafted features are used to boot up the clustering process, and just have a little effect on the final performance; therefore, the proposed method is feature-weak-relevant. Experimental results on six kinds of public available datasets show that the proposed method outperforms state of the art methods and depends less on the employed features at the same time.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1808.04068
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