On the Possibility of Delayed Fission of Nuclei in the Region of Superheavy Transuranium Elements
Delayed fission of atomic nuclei was discovered in 1966. It is observed primarily in odd–odd nuclei for which the energy released in beta decay (K capture) is commensurate with the fission barrier in the nucleus formed after this process. Delayed fission was found in four nuclide regions: neutrondeficient isotopes in the Pb region, neutron-deficient isotopes in the Ac and Pa regions, and neutrondeficient and neutron-rich isotopes of transuranium elements. In the wake of investigations into the properties of isotopes of superheavy transuranium elements, numerous calculations were performed in order to determine the masses of new nuclei and to predict their decay properties. Explored and predicted properties of superheavy-element nuclides, where, for some odd–odd nuclei of transuranium elements, the K-capture energy is commensurate with the fission barriers in the corresponding daughter nuclei formed after K capture, are analyzed. Estimates of the delayed-fission probability are presented for some isotopes of elements whose charge number Z ranges from 103 to 107.
Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1134/S1063778818040191
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