A DFT/TDDFT Study on Excited State Process of a Novel Probe 4′-Fluoroflavonol
A novel fluorescent probe 4′-fluoroflavonol (4F) was reported by Serdiuk et al. (RSC Adv 6:42532, 2016) in a previous paper. Spectroscopic studies on excited-state proton transfer (ESPT) of 4F was mentioned, while the mechanism of ESPT for 4F isdeficiency. In this present work, based on the time dependent density functional theory (TDDFT), we investigated the excited-state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT) mechanism of 4F theoretically. The primary bond lengths, bond angles and the infrared (IR) vibrational spectra involved in the formation of hydrogen bonds vertified the intramolecular hydrogen bond was strengthened, which manifests the tendency of excited state proton transfer. According to the results of calculated potential energy curves along O–H coordinate, an about 13.18 kcal/mol barrier has been found in the S0 state. However, a barrier of 3.29 kcal/mol was found in the S1 state, which demonstrates that the proton transfer process is more likely to occur in the excited state. In other words, the proton transfer was facilitated by photoexcitation. Particularly, the study about ESIPT mechanism of 4F should be helpful for further understanding property of fisetin.
Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10876-017-1232-y
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