3 years ago

Binding mode analysis, dynamic simulation and binding free energy calculations of the MurF ligase from Acinetobacter baumannii

Binding mode analysis, dynamic simulation and binding free energy calculations of the MurF ligase from Acinetobacter baumannii
MurF ligase catalyzes the final cytoplasmic step of bacterial peptidoglycan biosynthesis and, as such, is a validated target for therapeutic intervention. Herein, we performed molecular docking to identify putative inhibitors of Acinetobacter baumannii MurF (AbMurF). Based on comparative docking analysis, compound 114 (ethyl pyridine substituted 3-cyanothiophene) was predicted to potentially be the most active ligand. Computational pharmacokinetic characterization of drug-likeness of the compound showed it to fulfil all the parameters of Muegge and the MDDR rule. A molecular dynamic simulation of 114 indicated the complex to be stable on the basis of an average root mean square deviation (RMSD) value of 2.09Å for the ligand. The stability of the complex was further supported by root mean square fluctuation (RMSF), beta factor and radius of gyration values. Analyzing the complex using radial distribution function (RDF) and a novel analytical tool termed the axial frequency distribution (AFD) illustrated that after simulation the ligand is positioned in close vicinity of the protein active site where Thr42 and Asp43 participate in hydrogen bonding and stabilization of the complex. Binding free energy calculations based on the Poisson-Boltzmann or Generalized–Born Surface Area Continuum Solvation (MM(PB/GB)SA) method indicated the van der Waals contribution to the overall binding energy of the complex to be dominant along with electrostatic contributions involving the hot spot amino acids from the protein active site. The present results indicate that the screened compound 114 may act as a parent structure for designing potent derivatives against AbMurF in specific and MurF of other bacterial pathogens in general.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1093326317303388

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