4 years ago

Mutational analysis of microbial hydroxycinnamoyl-CoA hydratase-lyase (HCHL) towards enhancement of binding affinity: A computational approach

Mutational analysis of microbial hydroxycinnamoyl-CoA hydratase-lyase (HCHL) towards enhancement of binding affinity: A computational approach
Improving the industrial enzyme for better yield of the product is important and a challenging task. One of such important industrial enzymes is microbial Hydroxycinnamoyl-CoA hydratase-lyase (HCHL). It converts feruloyl-CoA to vanillin. We place our efforts towards the improvement of its catalytic activity with comprehensive computational investigation. Catalytic core of the HCHL was explored with molecular modeling and docking approaches. Site-directed mutations were introduced in the catalytic site of HCHL in a sequential manner to generate different mutants of HCHL. Basis of mutation is to increase the interaction between HCHL and substrate feruloyl-CoA through interatomic forces and hydrogen bond formation. A rigorous molecular dynamics (MD) simulation was performed to check the stability of mutant’s structure. Root mean square deviation (RMSD), root mean square fluctuation (RMSF), dynamic cross correlation (DCCM) and principal component analysis (PCA) were also performed to analyze flexibility and stability of structures. Docking studies were carried out between different mutants of HCHL and feruloyl-CoA. Investigation of the different binding sites and the interactions with mutant HCHLs and substrate allowed us to highlight the improved performance of mutants than wild type HCHL. This was further validated with MD simulation of complex consisting of different mutants and substrate. It further confirms all the structures are stable. However, mutant-2 showed better affinity towards substrate by forming hydrogen bond between active site and feruloyl-CoA. We propose that increase in hydrogen bond formation might facilitate in dissociation of vanillin from feruloyl-CoA. The current work may be useful for the future development of ‘tailor-made’ enzymes for better yield of vanillin.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1093326317304230

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