4 years ago

Effects of mutations on active site conformation and dynamics of RNA-dependent RNA polymerase from Coxsackievirus B3

Effects of mutations on active site conformation and dynamics of RNA-dependent RNA polymerase from Coxsackievirus B3
Recent crystal structures of RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (3Dpol) from Coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) revealed that a tyrosine mutation at Phe364 (F364Y) resulted in structures with open active site whereas a hydrophobic mutation at Phe364 (F364A) led to conformations with closed active site. Besides, the crystal structures showed that the F364W mutation had no preference between the open and closed active sites, similar to wild-type. In this paper, we present a molecular dynamics (MD) study on CVB3 3Dpol in order to address some important questions raised by experiments. First, MD simulations of F364Y and F364A were carried out to explore how these mutations at Phe364 influence active site dynamics and conformations. Second, MD simulations of wild-type and mutants were performed to discover the connection between active site dynamics and polymerase function. MD simulations reveal that the effect of mutations on active site dynamics is associated with the interaction between the structural motifs A and D in CVB3 3Dpol. Interestingly, we discover that the active site state is influenced by the formation of a hydrogen bond between backbone atoms of Ala231 (in motif A) and Ala358 (in motif D), which has never been revealed before.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1093326317305399

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