5 years ago

Salts Influence Cathechins and Flavonoids Encapsulation in Liposomes: a Molecular Dynamics Investigation

Salts Influence Cathechins and Flavonoids Encapsulation in Liposomes: a Molecular Dynamics Investigation
Cristina Minnelli, Emiliano Laudadio, Roberta Galeazzi, Giovanna Mobbili, Luca Massaccesi
Cathechins and flavonoids are responsible of numerous health benefits. Two of the most representatives’ compounds for their antioxidant and therapeutic effects are Epigallocatechin 3-Gallate (EGCG), from green tea extracts, and morelloflavone (MF), from Garcinia dulcis. Here we explore, by atomistic Molecular Dynamics simulations, how EGCG and MF interact with lipid bilayers and we show the salts’ influence on their encapsulation degree in neutral liposomes. As a result, we found out that EGCGs naturally bind to the hydrophilic regions of phospholipids, positioning themselves mostly at the interface between water and lipid phases. The presence of a salt clearly influences the EGCG molecules’ absorption and the total effect depends strongly on the salt nature and concentration. Beside, for MF, we observed a high stability of the intermolecular MFs aggregates in water that strongly penalizes the flavonoid's interaction with the lipid polar heads. However, salts can influence MF′s liposomal penetration, even if they are not able to promote completely its absorption inside the bilayer. For both compounds, the increase of penetration is more marked in presence of magnesium chloride, whilst calcium chloride showed the opposite effect.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/minf.201700059

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