3 years ago

Pharmacoinformatic Study on the Selective Inhibition of the Protozoan Dihydrofolate Reductase Enzymes

Pharmacoinformatic Study on the Selective Inhibition of the Protozoan Dihydrofolate Reductase Enzymes
P. V. Bharatam, Vishnu K. Sharma, Sheenu Abbat
Dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) is an essential enzyme of the folate metabolic pathway in protozoa and it is a validated, potential drug target in many infectious diseases. Information about unique conserved residues of the DHFR enzyme is required to understand residual selectivity of the protozoan DHFR enzyme. The three dimensional crystal structures are not available for all the protozoan DHFR enzymes. Enzyme-substrate/inhibitor interaction information is required for the binding mode characterization in protozoan DHFR for selective inhibitor design. In this work, multiple sequence analysis was carried out in all the studied species. Homology models were built for protozoan DHFR enzymes, for which 3D structures are not available in PDB. The molecular docking and Prime-MMGBSA calculations of the natural substrate (dihydrofolate, DHF) and classical DHFR inhibitor (methotrexate, MTX) were performed in protozoan DHFR enzymes. Comparative sequence analysis showed that an overall sequence identity between the studied species ranging from 22.94 % (CfDHFR-BgDHFR) to 94.61 % (LdDHFR-LmDHFR). Interestingly, it was observed that most of the active site residues were conserved in all the cases and all the enzymes exhibit similar key binding interactions with DHF and MTX in molecular docking analysis, but there are a few key binding residues which differ in protozoan species that makes it suitable for target selectivity. This information can be used to design selective and potent protozoan DHFR enzyme inhibitors.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/minf.201600156

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