3 years ago

Development of Simple QSPR Models for the Prediction of the Heat of Decomposition of Organic Peroxides

Development of Simple QSPR Models for the Prediction of the Heat of Decomposition of Organic Peroxides
Patricia Rotureau, David André, Vinca Prana, Carlo Adamo, Guillaume Fayet
Quantitative structure-property relationships represent alternative method to experiments to access the estimation of physico-chemical properties of chemicals for screening purpose at R&D level but also to gather missing data in regulatory context. In particular, such predictions were encouraged by the REACH regulation for the collection of data, provided that they are developed respecting the rigorous principles of validation proposed by OECD. In this context, a series of organic peroxides, unstable chemicals which can easily decompose and may lead to explosion, were investigated to develop simple QSPR models that can be used in a regulatory framework. Only constitutional and topological descriptors were employed to achieve QSPR models predicting the heat of decomposition, which could be used without any time consuming preliminary structure calculations at quantum chemical level. To validate the models, the original experimental dataset was divided into a training and a validation set according to two methods of partitioning, one based on the property value and the other based on the structure of the molecules by the mean of PCA. Four QSPR models were developed upon the type of descriptors and the methods of partitioning. The 2 models issuing from the PCA based method were highlighted as they presented good predictive power and they are easier to apply than our previous quantum chemical based model, since they do not need any preliminary calculations.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/minf.201700024

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