3 years ago

Generative Topographic Mapping of Conformational Space

Generative Topographic Mapping of Conformational Space
Dragos Horvath, Gilles Marcou, Igor Baskin, Alexandre Varnek
Herein, Generative Topographic Mapping (GTM) was challenged to produce planar projections of the high-dimensional conformational space of complex molecules (the 1LE1 peptide). GTM is a probability-based mapping strategy, and its capacity to support property prediction models serves to objectively assess map quality (in terms of regression statistics). The properties to predict were total, non-bonded and contact energies, surface area and fingerprint darkness. Map building and selection was controlled by a previously introduced evolutionary strategy allowed to choose the best-suited conformational descriptors, options including classical terms and novel atom-centric autocorrellograms. The latter condensate interatomic distance patterns into descriptors of rather low dimensionality, yet precise enough to differentiate between close favorable contacts and atom clashes. A subset of 20 K conformers of the 1LE1 peptide, randomly selected from a pool of 2 M geometries (generated by the S4MPLE tool) was employed for map building and cross-validation of property regression models. The GTM build-up challenge reached robust three-fold cross-validated determination coefficients of Q2=0.7…0.8, for all modeled properties. Mapping of the full 2 M conformer set produced intuitive and information-rich property landscapes. Functional and folding subspaces appear as well-separated zones, even though RMSD with respect to the PDB structure was never used as a selection criterion of the maps.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/minf.201700036

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