3 years ago

Non a Priori Automatic Discovery of 3D Chemical Patterns: Application to Mutagenicity

Non a Priori Automatic Discovery of 3D Chemical Patterns: Application to Mutagenicity
Jan Ramon, Alban Lepailleur, Thomas Fannes, Ronan Bureau, Bruno Crémilleux, Jérémie Le Goff, Julien Rabatel, Bertrand Cuissart
This article introduces a new type of structural fragment called a geometrical pattern. Such geometrical patterns are defined as molecular graphs that include a labelling of atoms together with constraints on interatomic distances. The discovery of geometrical patterns in a chemical dataset relies on the induction of multiple decision trees combined in random forests. Each computational step corresponds to a refinement of a preceding set of constraints, extending a previous geometrical pattern. This paper focuses on the mutagenicity of chemicals via the definition of structural alerts in relation with these geometrical patterns. It follows an experimental assessment of the main geometrical patterns to show how they can efficiently originate the definition of a chemical feature related to a chemical function or a chemical property. Geometrical patterns have provided a valuable and innovative approach to bring new pieces of information for discovering and assessing structural characteristics in relation to a particular biological phenotype.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/minf.201700022

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