Rad52 phosphorylation by Ipl1 and Mps1 contributes to Mps1 kinetochore localization and spindle assembly checkpoint regulation [Cell Biology]
Rad52 is well known as a key factor in homologous recombination. Here, we report that Rad52 has functions unrelated to homologous recombination in Saccharomyces cerevisiae; it plays a role in the recruitment of Mps1 to the kinetochores and the maintenance of spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) activity. Deletion of RAD52 causes various phenotypes related to the dysregulation of chromosome biorientation. Rad52 directly affects efficient operation of the SAC and accurate chromosome segregation. Remarkably, by using an in vitro kinase assay, we found that Rad52 is a substrate of Ipl1/Aurora and Mps1 in yeast and humans. Ipl1-dependent phosphorylation of Rad52 facilitates the kinetochore accumulation of Mps1, and Mps1-dependent phosphorylation of Rad52 is important for the accurate regulation of the SAC under spindle damage conditions. Taken together, our data provide detailed insights into the regulatory mechanism of chromosome biorientation by mitotic kinases.
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