3 years ago

Recovery and Recycling of CO 2 /N 2 -Switchable Anionic Surfactants in Emulsions

Kai Zhong, Zan Ge, Yuandi Zhang, Xuefeng Liu, Ye Fan

Abstract

To develop a mild, effective, and clean strategy for recovery and recycling of anionic surfactants in CO2/N2-switchable emulsions, a CO2/N2-switchable anionic surfactant, which is a combination of dodecyl seleninic acid (DSA) and N,N,N′,N′-tetramethyl-1,2-ethylenediamine (TMEDA), here referred to as DSA–TMEDA, was used to stabilize an oil-in-water (O/W) emulsion. Upon stimulation with CO2, DSA–TMEDA was switched off to form insoluble DSA and the water-soluble TMEDA bicarbonate. Upon N2 bubbling and heating, the OFF state of DSA–TMEDA was restored to the surfactant of DSA–TMEDA. In this manner, O/W emulsions stabilized by DSA–TMEDA can be switched reversibly between demulsification (phase separation) and re-emulsification (recovered emulsion) by triggering with CO2/N2 over ten times. After breakage of the emulsion, nearly all of the OFF state surfactant could be separated conveniently away from the oil phase, thus facilitating recovery and recycling of the surfactant afterward in emulsifying oil. No obvious adverse changes in the dispersed oil particles size and the relative stability of the regenerated emulsions were observed over five cycles, and the surfactant loss can be neglected during the recycling.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11743-017-2022-0

DOI: 10.1007/s11743-017-2022-0

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