4 years ago

Nanodisc-based kinetic assays reveal distinct effects of phospholipid head groups on the phosphoenzyme transition of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase.

Takashi Daiho, Hiroshi Suzuki, Kazuo Yamasaki, Satoshi Yasuda, Stefania Danko
Sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase catalyzes ATP-driven Ca(2+) transport from the cytoplasm to the lumen and is critical for a range of cell functions including muscle relaxation. Here, we investigated the effects of the head groups of the 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl glycerophospholipids phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), phosphatidylserine (PS), and phosphatidylglycerol (PG) on Sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+)-ATPase embedded into a nanodisc, a lipid-bilayer construct harboring the specific lipid. We found that Ca(2+)-ATPase activity in a PC bilayer is comparable to that of SR vesicles and is suppressed in the other phospholipids, especially in PS. Ca(2+) affinity at the high-affinity transport sites in PC was similar to that of SR vesicles, but 2- to 3-fold reduced in PE and PS. Ca(2+) on- and off-rates in the non-phosphorylated ATPase were markedly reduced in PS. Rate-limiting phosphoenzyme (EP) conformational transition in 0.1 M KCl was as rapid in PC as in SR vesicles, but slowed in other phospholipids, especially in PS. Using kinetic plots, the logarithm of rate versus the square of mean activity coefficient of solutes in 0.1-1 M KCl, we noted that PC is optimal for the EP transition, but PG and especially PS had markedly unfavorable electrostatic effects, and PE exhibited a strong non-electrostatic restriction. Thus, the major SR membrane lipid PC is optimal for all steps, and, unlike the other head groups, contributes favorable electrostatics and non-electrostatic elements during the EP transition. Our analyses further revealed that the surface charge of the lipid bilayer directly modulates the transition rate.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M117.816702

DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M117.816702

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