3 years ago

Convolutional Recurrent Neural Networks for Glucose Prediction.

Kezhi Li, John Daniels, Pantelis Georgiou, Pau Herrero, Chengyuan Liu

Control of blood glucose is essential for diabetes management. Current digital therapeutic approaches for subjects with Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) such as the artificial pancreas and insulin bolus calculators leverage machine learning techniques for predicting subcutaneous glucose for improved control. Deep learning has recently been applied in healthcare and medical research to achieve state-of-the-art results in a range of tasks including disease diagnosis, and patient state prediction among others. In this work, we present a deep learning model that is capable of predicting glucose levels over a 30-minute horizon with leading accuracy for simulated patient cases (RMSE = 9.38$\pm$0.71 [mg/dL] and MARD = 5.50$\pm$0.62\%) and real patient cases (RMSE = 21.13$\pm$1.23 [mg/dL] and MARD = 10.08$\pm$0.83\%). In addition, the model also provides competitive performance in forecasting adverse glycaemic events with minimal time lag both in a simulated patient dataset (MCC$_{hyper}$ = 0.83$\pm$0.05 and MCC$_{hypo}$ = 0.80$\pm$0.10) and in a real patient dataset (MCC$_{hyper}$ = 0.79$\pm$0.04 and MCC$_{hypo}$ = 0.38$\pm$0.10). This approach is evaluated on a dataset of 10 simulated cases generated from the UVa/Padova simulator and a clinical dataset of 5 real cases each containing glucose readings, insulin bolus, and meal (carbohydrate) data. Performance of the recurrent convolutional neural network is benchmarked against four algorithms. The prediction algorithm is implemented on an Android mobile phone, with an execution time of $6$ms on a phone compared to an execution time of $780$ms on a laptop in Python.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1807.03043

DOI: arXiv:1807.03043v4

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.