4 years ago

Transcriptome and Differential Expression Profiling Analysis of the Mechanism of Ca(2+) Regulation in Peanut (Arachis hypogaea) Pod Development.

Jingjing Meng, Na Sui, Sha Yang, Feng Guo, Yun Geng, Jianguo Wang, Shubo Wan, Lin Li, Xinguo Li, Jialei Zhang
Calcium not only serves as a necessary nutrient for plant growth but also acts as a ubiquitous central hub in a large number of signaling pathways. Free Ca(2+) deficiency in the soil may cause early embryo abortion, which eventually led to abnormal development of peanut pod during the harvest season. To understand the mechanisms of Ca(2+) regulation in pod development, transcriptome analysis of peanut gynophores and pods was performed by comparing the treatments between free Ca(2+) sufficiency and free Ca(2+) deficiency using Illumina HiSeq™ 2000. 9,903,082,800 nt bases are generated totally. After assembly, the average length of 102,819 unigenes is 999 nt, N50 is 1,782 nt. RNA-seq based gene expression profilings showed a large number of genes at the transcriptional level changed significantly between the aerial pegs and underground swelling pods under free Ca(2+) sufficienct or deficiency treatments, respectively. Genes encoding key members of Ca(2+) signaling transduction pathway, enzymes for hormone metabolism, cell division and growth, transcriptional factor as well as embryo development were highlighted. This information provides useful information for our further study. The results of digital gene expression (DGE) indicated that exogenous calcium might contribute to the development of peanut pod through its signal transduction pathway, meanwhile, promote the normal transition of the gynophores to the reproductive development.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2017.01609

DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2017.01609

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