Determination of the human cytochrome P450 monooxygenase catalyzing the enantioselective oxidation of 2,2′,3,5′,6-pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB 95) and 2,2′,3,4,4′,5′,6-heptachlorobiphenyl (PCB 183)
2,2′,3,5′,6-Pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB 95) and 2,2′,3,4,4′,5′,6-heptachlorobiphenyl (PCB 183) possess axial chirality and form the aS and aR enantiomers. The enantiomers of these congeners have been reported to accumulate in the human body enantioselectively via unknown mechanisms. In this study, we determined the cytochrome P450 (CYP) monooxygenase responsible for the enantioselective oxidization of PCB 95 and PCB 183, using a recombinant human CYP monooxygenase. We evaluated 13 CYP monooxygenases, namely CYP1A1, CYP1A2, CYP1B1, CYP2A6, CYP2B6, CYP2C8, CYP2C19, CYP2E1, CYP2J2, CYP3A4, CYP3A5, CYP4F2, and aromatase (CYP19), and revealed that CYP2A6 preferably oxidizes aS-PCB 95 enantioselectively; however, it did not oxidize PCB 183. The enantiomer composition was elevated from 0.5 (racemate) to 0.54. In addition, following incubation with CYP2A6, the enantiomer fraction (EF) of PCB 95 demonstrated a time-dependent increase.
Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11356-017-0434-z
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