3 years ago

Neuronal response properties across cytochrome oxidase stripes in primate V2

Marco Chiorri, Rafael Peres, Ricardo Gattass, Maria M. Florentino, Juliana G. M. Soares, Bruss Lima, Mario Fiorani

Abstract

Cytochrome oxidase histochemistry reveals large‐scale cortical modules in area V2 of primates known as thick, thin and interstripes. Anatomical, electrophysiological and tracing studies suggest that V2 cytochrome oxidase stripes participate in functionally distinct streams of visual information processing. However, there is controversy whether the different V2 compartments indeed correlate with specialized neuronal response properties. We used multiple‐electrode arrays (16x2, 8x4 and 4x4 matrices) to simultaneously record the spiking activity (N = 190 single units) across distinct V2 stripes in anesthetized and paralyzed capuchin monkeys (N = 3 animals, 6 hemispheres). Visual stimulation consisted of moving bars and full‐field gratings with different contrasts, orientations, directions of motion, spatial frequency, velocity and color contrast. Interstripe neurons exhibited the strongest orientation and direction selectivity compared to the thick and thin stripes, with relatively stronger coding for orientation. Additionally, they responded best to higher spatial frequencies and to lower stimulus velocities. Thin stripes showed the highest proportion (80%) of neurons selective to color contrast (compared to 47% and 21% for thick and interstripes, respectively). The great majority of the color selective cells (86%) were also orientation selective. Additionally, thin stripe neurons continued to increase their firing rate for stimulus contrasts above 50%, while thick and interstripe neurons already exhibited some degree of response saturation at this point. Thick stripes best coded for lower spatial frequencies and higher stimulus velocities. In conclusion, V2 CytOx stripes exhibit a mixed degree of segregation and integration of information processing, shedding light into the early mechanisms of vision.

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