4 years ago

Stryphnodendron adstringens (“Barbatimão”) Leaf Fraction: Chemical Characterization, Antioxidant Activity, and Cytotoxicity Towards Human Breast Cancer Cell Lines

L. M. S. Eustáquio, Cibele Marli Cação Paiva Gouvêa, A. P. L. Sabino, C. Biojone, T. N. Mariosa, A. C. F. Miranda


We evaluated the chemical composition, antioxidant activity, and antitumor potential of a fraction that was isolated from Stryphnodendron adstringens (barbatimão) leaf aqueous extract. Fraction is composed by gallic acid, procyanidin dimer B1, and (−)-epicatechin-3-O-gallate and it exhibits antioxidant and cytotoxic activities. Fraction was cytotoxic against two human breast cancer cell lines, ER (+) and MCF-7 and the triple-negative, MDA-MB-435. The sulforhodamine B assay showed that, as compared to normal control cells, the fraction significantly (P < 0.05) decreased cancer cell viability. The morphological alterations noted in the treated cancer cells were cell rounding-up, shrinkage, and nuclear condensation reduction of cell diameter and length. Treatment with fraction increased cancer cell expression of Bax, caspase-9, active caspase-3, caspase-8, LC-3, and beclin-1 and decreased Bcl-2, caspase-3, and pro-caspase-8 expression. Altogether, fraction is cytotoxic to both breast cancer cell lines, induces cell death, and its mechanism of action seems to include the induction of apoptosis. Our data support a positive role of the fraction as a chemopreventive agent for antineoplastic drug development.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12010-017-2632-z

DOI: 10.1007/s12010-017-2632-z

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