3 years ago

A scaffold protein that chaperones a cysteine-sulfenic acid in H2O2 signaling

A scaffold protein that chaperones a cysteine-sulfenic acid in H2O2 signaling
Gemma Belli, Antoine Bersweiler, Michel B Toledano, Benoît D'Autréaux, Agnès Delaunay-Moisan, Alexandre Kriznik, Sophie Rahuel-Clermont, Hortense Mazon
In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Yap1 regulates an H2O2-inducible transcriptional response that controls cellular H2O2 homeostasis. H2O2 activates Yap1 by oxidation through the intermediary of the thiol peroxidase Orp1. Upon reacting with H2O2, Orp1 catalytic cysteine oxidizes to a sulfenic acid, which then engages into either an intermolecular disulfide with Yap1, leading to Yap1 activation, or an intramolecular disulfide that commits the enzyme into its peroxidatic cycle. How the first of these two competing reactions, which is kinetically unfavorable, occurs was previously unknown. We show that the Yap1-binding protein Ybp1 brings together Orp1 and Yap1 into a ternary complex that selectively activates condensation of the Orp1 sulfenylated cysteine with one of the six Yap1 cysteines while inhibiting Orp1 intramolecular disulfide formation. We propose that Ybp1 operates as a scaffold protein and as a sulfenic acid chaperone to provide specificity in the transfer of oxidizing equivalents by a reactive sulfenic acid species.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nchembio.2412

DOI: 10.1038/nchembio.2412

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