3 years ago

Stellar Binaries Incident on Supermassive Black Hole Binaries: Implications for Double Tidal Disruption Events, Calcium-rich Transients, and Hypervelocity Stars

We analyze the outcome of the interaction between a stellar binary and a supermassive black hole binary (SMBHB) by performing a large number of gravitational scattering experiments. Most of the encounters result in either the ejection of an intact binary or the ejection of two individual stars following the tidal breakup of the binary. However, tidal disruption events (TDEs) and mergers constitute a few percent of the outcomes, and double temporally distinct TDEs (i.e., separated by at least one orbit of the SMBHB) occur at the percent level. We also demonstrate that the properties of the ejected binaries are significantly altered through the interaction with the SMBHB, and their large eccentricities increase the merger rate and could lead to gravitational-wave inspirals far from the nucleus of the host galaxy. We discuss our results in the context of observed tidal disruption events, hypervelocity stars, and remote supernovae, such as calcium-rich transients.

Publisher URL: http://iopscience.iop.org/2041-8205/863/2/L24

DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/aad7bd

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