3 years ago

lncRNA KRAL reverses 5-fluorouracil resistance in hepatocellular carcinoma cells by acting as a ceRNA against miR-141

Xiangyang Lin, Lili Wu, Jianjian Zheng, Yifen Shi, Chenwei Pan, Xin Wei, Liang Shi

Abstract

Background

5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) has been widely applied to treat various types of cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, primary or acquired 5-FU resistance prevents the clinical application of this drug in cancer therapy. Herein, our study is the first to demonstrate that lower expression of KRAL, a long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), mediates 5-FU resistance in HCC via the miR-141/Keap1 axis.

Methods

Cell proliferation assays, western blot analysis, qRT-PCR, the dual-luciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation were performed to investigate the mechanisms by which KRAL mediates 5-fluorouracil resistance in HCC cell lines.

Results

The quantitative analysis indicated that KRAL and Keap1 were significantly decreased and that Nrf2 was increased in HepG2/5-FU and SMMC-7721/5-FU cells compared with the corresponding expression levels in the respective parental cells. Overexpression of KRAL increased Keap1 expression, and inactivating the Nrf2-dependent antioxidant pathway could reverse the resistance of HepG2/5-FU and SMMC-7721/5-FU cells to 5-FU. Moreover, KRAL functioned as a competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) by effectively binding to the common miR-141 and then restoring Keap1 expression. These findings demonstrated that KRAL is an important regulator of Keap1; furthermore, the ceRNA network involving KRAL may serve as a treatment strategy against 5-FU resistance in hepatocellular carcinoma cells.

Conclusions

KRAL/miR-141/Keap1 axis mediates 5-fluorouracil resistance in HCC cell lines.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s12964-018-0260-z

DOI: 10.1186/s12964-018-0260-z

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.