4 years ago

Glycopolymers Bearing Galactose and Betulin: Synthesis, Encapsulation, and Lectin Recognition

Glycopolymers Bearing Galactose and Betulin: Synthesis, Encapsulation, and Lectin Recognition
Yong-Guang Jia, Zhiyuan Ma, X. X. Zhu
Betulin is a natural triterpene compound with anticarcinogen and antiviral activities. It is conjugated with methacrylate and then copolymerized with a galactose-bearing comonomer by RAFT polymerization to yield both random and block copolymers. These glycopolymers are designed to possess similar molecular weights and monomer compositions for easy comparison. They self-assembled into micelles, as shown by dynamic light scattering (DLS) and transmission electron microscopy. The smaller micelles formed by the random copolymers facilitated the encapsulation of Nile Red and released more of this hydrophobic model compound (46% in 4 days versus 32% released from the block copolymers). These glycopolymers interacted with lectins, such as RCA120, as studied by turbidity assay and DLS. The block copolymers formed larger aggregates and clustered faster than the random copolymers. The betulin-based glycopolymers may serve as biocompatible multifunctional biomaterials and carriers for use in targeted release of drugs.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.biomac.7b01106

DOI: 10.1021/acs.biomac.7b01106

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