5 years ago

Formation of Porous Anodic Alumina under Unstable Electroconvection Flow Regimes: A Case Study of Tartronic Acid Electrolyte

Formation of Porous Anodic Alumina under Unstable Electroconvection Flow Regimes: A Case Study of Tartronic Acid Electrolyte
Jörg J. Schneider, Mikhail Pashchanka
This work focuses on the systematic study of porous anodic alumina films grown in novel moderately concentrated tartronic (2-hydroxymalonic) acid electrolyte. The morphological analysis enabled us to reveal new details of the alumina pore formation mechanism and to discover the processes responsible for such frequently occurring defects as branched pores and multiple pore openings within a single cell. The qualitatively new model developed herein explains satellite nanochannel formation from a colloidal electroconvection standpoint—namely, by the temporary change of the existing nanoconvective flows, which give rise to the cooperative cell pattern in porous alumina, from laminar to turbulent mode (such flow regimes are generally termed “transitional” or in some recent literature also “laminar unstable”). Our theoretical discussion demonstrates that the morphological parameters of self-organized layers are strongly related to such properties of the liquid phase as the dielectric constant and the Debye length of the electrolyte solution. Additionally, we have conducted a detailed thermogravimetric study of the compositional and thermal properties of the new type of anodic alumina layers.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b06157

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b06157

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