4 years ago

Discovery of New Antimalarial Agents: Second-Generation Dual Inhibitors against FP-2 and PfDHFR via Fragments Assembely

Discovery of New Antimalarial Agents: Second-Generation Dual Inhibitors against FP-2 and PfDHFR via Fragments Assembely
Malaria parasites are a leading cause of worldwide mortality from infectious disease. Cysteine protease falcipain-2 (FP-2) and Plasmodium falciparum dihydrofolate reductase (PfDHFR) play vital roles, which are absolutely essential, in the parasite life cycle. In this study, based on the structures of uniform fragments of reported PfDHFR inhibitors and the first-generation dual inhibitors against FP-2 and PfDHFR, we identified a novel series of dual inhibitors through fragments assembly. Lead optimization led to the discovery of 24, which showed high potency against FP-2 (IC50=10.0 µM), PfDHFR (IC50= 84.1 nM), P. falciparum 3D7 (IC50= 53.1 nM), clinical isolated strains Fab9 (IC50= 14.2 nM) and GB4 (IC50= 23.4 nM). The in vivo inhibition assays against P. berghei in 10 days indicated 24 had a more beneficial effect on the growth inhibition of P. berghei than artemisinin and an identical effect with pyrimethamine. Additionally, 24 moderately inhibited the proliferation of chloroquine-resistant P. falciparum Dd2 strain. Collectively, these data revealed that 24 could be an excellent lead compound as FP-2 and PfDHFR dual inhibitor for the treatment of malaria.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0968089617316073

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